Occurrence data set for wild food plant species in Zimbabwe's biodiversity hotspots

Latest version published by Bindura University Of Science Education on May 15, 2019 Bindura University Of Science Education

This data set contains some occurrence data set for non-timber forest products used as food sources in five of the biodiversity hotspots of Zimbabwe. Community meeting were held to come up with a checklist of species used for food in each of the biodiversity hotspot areas under consideration. The checklist was then used as a basis for constructing an occurrence data set using specimen at National Herbarium and Botanical Gardens, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 1,579 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 1,579 records in English (46 KB) - Update frequency: as needed
Metadata as an EML file download in English (23 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (17 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Mujuru L, Muvengwi J, Jimu L, Mureva A, Mapaura A, Nyakudya I (2018): Occurrence data set for wild food plant species in Zimbabwe's biodiversity hotspots. v1.4. Bindura University Of Science Education. Dataset/Occurrence. https://cloud.gbif.org/bid/resource?r=food_species&v=1.4

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Bindura University Of Science Education. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 8795ab31-79ae-4a9c-b285-0b76e5c09b9e.  Bindura University Of Science Education publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Participant Node Managers Committee.

Keywords

Occurrence; Plant Biodiversity; Policy; Wild food plants

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Lizzie Mujuru
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P. Bag 1020 +263 Bindura Mashonland Central ZW 735302279
Justice Muvengwi
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 +263 Bindura Mashonland Central ZW 779702922
Luke Jimu
Lecturer
Bindura University Science Education P.Bag 1020 +263 Bindura Mashonland Central ZW 779702922
Admore Mureva
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 263 Bindura Mashonland Central ZW 735123149
Anthony Mapaura
Curator
National Herbarium and Botanical Garden Fifth Street Extension/Downie Avenue P.O. Box CY550, Causeway. +263 Harare Harare ZW 772806649
Innocent Nyakudya
Dean
Bindura University of Science Education P. Bag 1020 263 Bindura Mashonaland Central ZW 712635474

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Admore Mureva
Lecturer
Bindura University of Scince Education P.Bag 1020 +263 Bindura Mashonland Central ZW 735123149
Lizzie Mujuru
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 +263 Bindura Mashonland Central ZW 735302279

Who filled in the metadata:

Lizzie Mujuru
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 +263 Bindura Mashonland Central ZW 735302279
Luke Jimu
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 +263 Bindura Mashonaland Central ZW 779702922
Justice Muvengwi
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 263 Bindura Mashonland Central ZW 779702922
Anthony Mapaura
Curator
National Herbarium and Botanical Garden Fifth Street Extension/Downie Avenue P.O. Box CY550, Causeway. Harare Harare ZW
Admore Mureva
Lecturer
Bindura University of Scince Education P.Bag 1020 +263 Bindura Mashonland Central ZW 735123149

Who else was associated with the resource:

User
Lizzy Mujuru
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 +263 Bindura Mashonland Central ZW 735302279
Anthony Mapaure
Curator
National Hebarium and Botanical Garden P.Bag 1020 +263 Bindura Harare ZW

Geographic Coverage

Data on tree species of food importance were collected from Chimanimani (19°48'S;32°52'E), Chipinge (20°24'S;32°41'E) and Nyanga (18°13'S;32°44'E) in Eastern Highlands, Mutorashanga (17°25'S;30°35'E) in Great Dyke and Hwange (19°07'S;26°35'E) in dry savanna.

Bounding Coordinates South West [-22.391, 25.049], North East [-15.581, 33.398]

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1900-10-26 / 2018-02-08

Project Data

The data in this resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 1712 occurrence records. The occurrence of wild food plants is published through the BID cloud account on behalf of the national node of GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility) in Zimbabwe- Bindura University of Science Education (BUSE), Department of Natural Resources. The national Herbarium and Botanic garden and the Natural History Museums of Zimbabwe are in charge of the maintenance and the updating biodiversity related information and data together with BUSE. National biodiversity information is accessed through the node, including the background of participating GBIF, related documents, name list of Zimbabwean biodiversity information users, and biodiversity related organizations, research projects, local biological databases and information from scientific publications. We hope to include expand from biodiversity hotspots to plants in other areas. The data documented in this resource are wild plants that are important for provision of food to rural communities in and around five biodiversity hotspot areas of Zimbabwe. The five hotspot areas were Chimanimani, Chipinge and Nyanga in Eastern Highlands, Mutorashanga in Great Dyke and Hwange in dry savanna. Data collected from community meetings were used as a basis for checklist data for herbarium specimen collected at the National herbarium and Botanic Garden. The verified checklist was then used to develop an occurrence data set from plant specimens found in The National Herbarium and Botanic Garden. The first phase of data includes food and medicinal plants in biodiversity hotspots and will expand to include other forms of biodiversity, such as animals (including insects), birds and fungi. To access the information, keywords and hyperlinks can be used to search for particular species. Hyperlinks can access information from other global databases or networks. Species checklist of the food and medicinal plants is currently available and will be updated when necessary. We hope to continue the project by updating and collecting more specimen and/or photos (rare, threatened and endangered species), funds permitting. This node is a centre for the sharing and sharing of biodiversity data facilitating research, education and conservation of biodiversity.

Title Mobilization of data on non- timber forest products’ species in Zimbabwe’s five biodiversity hotspots: towards the enhancement of food security and human health
Identifier BID-AF2017-0237-NAC
Funding European Union through GBIF (Main Funder), Bindura University of Science Education, National Herbarium and Botanic Garden and Forestry Commission
Study Area Description The project is located in five biodiversity hotspots of Zimbabwe; Nyanga, Chimanimani, Chipinge, Mutorashanga and Hwange. Nyanga, Chipinge and Chimanimani are in the eastern highlands of Zimbabwe and are part of the Afro-montane region. The vegetation of this region is typically sub-montane with interspersed grasslands with a complex mosaic of vegetation types including forests, woodlands, and grasslands. The region falls in agro-ecological regions I and II with annual rainfall ranging 1741 to 2997 mm and temperatures ranging from ------- to --------C. Deeply cut valleys characterise the drainage pattern. The geology is mainly the precambrian umkondo system, which consists of flat-lying shales, quartzites and intrusive dolerites where the soils are highly leached paraferallitics (Jimu and Ngoroyemoto, 2011). Chipinge has an intact forest, the Chirinda Forest with unique trees such as Chrysophyllum gorungosanum, Ficus chirindensis, Khaya anthotheca, Argomuellera macrophylla, Celtis mildbraedii, Strychnos ellodora and Strychnos mitis. These trees are either only found in Chirinda Forest or are very rare in other parts of the country. The Nyanga site has communities in and around Nyanga National Park that has some of the most important species such Prunus africana. The Chimanimani area is one of the important biodiversity conservation areas in Zimbabwe. The Great Dyke of Zimbabwe presents a geological phenomenon, holding various high value metallurgical ores that include Chrome, Platinum and Nickel (Wild, 1965). Serpentine soils are well known to have an abnormally high exchangeable magnesium to exchangeable calcium ratio (Anderson and Talbot, 1965). The Great Dyke is dominated by the miombo vegetation mostly composed of Julbernardia globiflora, Brachystegia spiciformis, Brachystegia boehmii and Brachystegia allenii. The Hwange biodiversity hotspot is in dry savanna section of the country. Communities at this site are located adjacent to Hwange National Park, which is the largest conservation area in Zimbabwe. The area is typical dystrophic savanna with nutrient poor soils comprising of sandier soils that are well drained and of variable depth but often shallow, medium grained sands or loamy sands over strong brown gravelly loamy sands or sandy loams. The common tree species in the area include Senegalia and Vachellia sp, Sclerocarya birrea, Lonchocarpus bussei, Vangueria infausta, Ziziphus mucronata, Combretum imberbe, C. apiculatum, Dichrostachys cinerea and Colophospermum mopane.
Design Description The goal of this project was to collect data on wild plant species that provide food to rural communities in and surrounding biodiversity hotspots of Zimbabwe. Forest ecosystems in Zimbabwe include afromontane, savannah and wooded grasslands. Among these are nationally and internationally recognised biodiversity hotspots containing endemic, rare, threatened and endangered plant species. To achieve the goal of this project, five of these biodiversity hotspots were purposively selected to cover the major vegetation types in the country. These areas were Chimanimani, Chipinge and Nyanga in the afromontane/ miombo vegetation zone, Mutorashanga in the miombo zone and Hwange in the dry savannah.

The personnel involved in the project:

Principal Investigator
Lizzie Mujuru
Curator
Anthony Mapaura
Point Of Contact
Admore Mureva
Author
Luke Jimu
Author
Justice Muvengwi

Sampling Methods

Data concerning numbers of species used for food, along with use categories, were compiled from representatives drawn from 17 communities. A total of 102 informants who included men, women, youths and traditional healers participated in the surveys. Of the selected communities, utilisation by men, women and youths was studied using group discussions and key informant interviews. For each hotspot area, separate groups of men and women were used. Information was given using local plant names, part(s) used, methods of preparation and how they are used. Additional data were compiled from publications, books and herbarium specimens collected from the hotspot areas. The data collected developed a checklist data set on non-timber forest products used for food in theses biodiversity hotspots. The developed checklist was then used to construct an occurrence data set using specimen located in the Nation Herbarium and Botanical garden

Study Extent Data on tree species of food importance were collected from Chimanimani (19°48'S;32°52'E), Chipinge (20°24'S;32°41'E) and Nyanga (18°13'S;32°44'E) in Eastern Highlands, Mutorashanga (17°25'S;30°35'E) in Great Dyke and Hwange (19°07'S;26°35'E) in dry savanna
Quality Control Data were checked for quality using software and databases such Catalogue of Life, Flora of Zimbabwe, Excel data cleaning, ECAT name parser, OpenRefine, TNRS, qGIS and GEOLocate.

Method step description:

  1. - Data collected from National Herbarium were compiled for digitisation. Knowledgeable representatives from each community attended the initiation meeting to verify use of species. The species names were given in vernacular language and this was later translated into scientific names by family, genus and species. - Review of literature was done to supplement the data gathered from community meetings. - The data was first prepared into a checklist, then used as basis for developing occurrence data set using spacemen found in The National Herbarium and Botanical Garden in Harare, Zimbabwe. - Data were checked for quality using databases and software such as Catalogue of Life, Flora of Zimbabwe, Excel, OpenRefine, and GEOLocate. After quality checks, the checklist was uploaded on IPT Cloud (https://cloud.gbif.org/bid/ )

Collection Data

Collection Name Herbarium specimen
Specimen preservation methods Dried and pressed

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Gomez M.I 1988. A resource inventory of indigenous and traditional foods of Zimbabwe. Journal of University of Zimbabwe. XV(1). pp66
  2. Shava S. 2005. Research in Indigenous knowledge and its application:A case of food plants of Zimbabwe.Southern African Journal of Environmental Education. 22, 73-73.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 8795ab31-79ae-4a9c-b285-0b76e5c09b9e
https://cloud.gbif.org/bid/resource?r=food_species