GRIIS Checklist of Introduced and Invasive Species - Myanmar

Versão mais recente publicado por Invasive Species Specialist Group ISSG em Sep 21, 2020 Invasive Species Specialist Group ISSG

The Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species (GRIIS) presents validated and verified checklists of introduced (alien) and invasive alien species at the country level. Phase 1 of the project has focused on developing validated and verified checklists of countries that are Party to the Convention on Biological Diversity. This annotated checklist is of introduced (alien) and invasive alien species known to occur in Myanmar.

Registros de Dados

Os dados deste recurso de checklist foram publicados como um Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), que é o formato padronizado para compartilhamento de dados de biodiversidade como um conjunto de uma ou mais tabelas de dados. A tabela de dados do núcleo contém 162 registros. Também existem 2 tabelas de dados de extensão. Um registro de extensão fornece informações adicionais sobre um registro do núcleo. O número de registros em cada tabela de dados de extensão é ilustrado abaixo.

  • Taxon (core)
    162
  • Distribution 
    162
  • SpeciesProfile 
    162

Este IPT armazena os dados e, portanto, serve como um repositório de dados. Os dados e os metadados do recurso estão disponíveis para download no seção de downloads. A tabela de versões lista outras versões do recurso que foram disponibilizadas ao público e permite o rastreamento das alterações realizadas no recurso ao longo do tempo.

Downloads

Baixe a última versão do recurso de dados, como um Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) ou recurso de metadados, como EML ou RTF:

Dados como um arquivo DwC-A download 162 registros em English (13 KB) - Frequência de atualização: bianual
Metadados como um arquivo EML download em English (21 KB)
Metadados como um arquivo RTF download em English (20 KB)

Versões

A tabela abaixo mostra apenas versões de recursos que são publicamente acessíveis.

Como citar

Pesquisadores deveriam citar esta obra da seguinte maneira:

Kyaw N N, Than W W, Wong L J, Pagad S (2020): GRIIS Checklist of Introduced and Invasive Species - Myanmar. v2.6. Invasive Species Specialist Group ISSG. Dataset/Checklist. http://doi.org/10.15468/snpn7b

Direitos

Pesquisadores devem respeitar a seguinte declaração de direitos:

O editor e o detentor dos direitos deste trabalho é Invasive Species Specialist Group ISSG. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

Este recurso foi registrado no GBIF e atribuído ao seguinte GBIF UUID: 0c0ac27f-c7cb-4a1a-b5d7-6d9a386b2c53.  Invasive Species Specialist Group ISSG publica este recurso, e está registrado no GBIF como um publicador de dados aprovado por Participant Node Managers Committee.

Palavras-chave

Checklist; Inventorythematic; Alien; Invasive; Validated and Verified; country_MM; Checklist

Contatos

Quem criou esse recurso:

Nyi Nyi Kyaw
Director General
Forest Department Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation MM
Wai Wai Than
Senior Researcher/ IAS specialist
Forest Protection, FRI Yezin, Myanmar National Coordinator of Asia-Pacific Forest Invasive Species Network (APFISN-FAO) MM
Lian Jenna Wong
Research Assistant
Biodiversity Data Management Ltd. NZ
Shyama Pagad
Deputy Chair- Information
IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) NZ

Quem pode responder a perguntas sobre o recurso:

Shyama Pagad
Deputy Chair- Information
IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) NZ

Quem preencher os metadados:

Shyama Pagad
Deputy Chair- Information
IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) NZ

Quem mais foi associado com o recurso:

Autor
Shyama Pagad
Programme Officer
IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) NZ

Cobertura Geográfica

Myanmar

Coordenadas delimitadoras Sul Oeste [15.546, 91.313], Norte Leste [28.764, 101.516]

Cobertura Taxonômica

Animalia, Bacteria, Chromista, Fungi, Plantae, Protozoa, Viruses

Reino  Animalia,  Bacteria,  Chromista,  Fungi,  Plantae,  Protozoa,  Viruses

Dados Sobre o Projeto

The Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species (GRIIS) presents validated and verified checklists of introduced (alien) and invasive alien species at the country, territory level. The development of the GRIIS is an initiative supported by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and is implemented within the framework of the Global Invasive Alien Species Information Partnership. The IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group is the project lead. The resource will be a support to Parties to make progress to Achieve Aichi Target 9 -in the development of their National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans, their National Invasive Alien Species Strategy and Action Plan, target setting and monitoring.

Título Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species GRIIS
Identificador GRIIS
Financiamento GRIIS, hosted by Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA) in Rome, Italy, has been developed with co-funding from the European Union through the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity within the framework of the Global Invasive Alien Species Information Partnership (GIASIPartnership).
Descrição da Área de Estudo GRIIS has global coverage, including the European Overseas Territories and Regions. Where appropriate, Sub-lists have been created for Oceanic Islands- for e.g. Soqotra of Yemen and the Juan Fernandez Islands of Chile. Taxonomic coverage includes all Kingdoms Animalia, Bacteria, Chromista, Fungi, Plantae, Protozoa, Viruses.
Descrição do Design The Global Register of Invasive Species (GRIS) was developed as a concept and prototype by the IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) in 2006 as part of a project undertaken for the Defenders of Wildlife on the Regulation of Live Animal Imports into the United States. The concept was revisited and expanded by the ISSG to address Aichi Biodiversity Target 9 and support its achievement- with the development of the Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species (GRIIS). GRIIS hosted by the ISSG compiles annotated and verified country-wise checklists of introduced (alien) and invasive alien species. Development and population of the GRIIS was undertaken by the ISSG within the framework of activities of the Information Synthesis and Assessment Working Group of the Global Invasive Alien Species Information Partnership (GIASIP). A summary of the process • The compiler team will conduct a comprehensive lit review of authoritative and credible source information and develop a draft annotated country checklist of introduced (alien) and invasive alien species. • Annotations include species name (accepted name and synonym if used by the source), higher taxonomy, environmental/system in which the species occurs, biological status (provenance and invasiveness-based on evidence of impact), • Country editor/editors are identified and consulted with for advice including knowledge of any key resources • Draft checklists are submitted to country editors for a review for both accuracy of information and for any significant gaps. Revisions are implemented based on feedback. • Every species record includes a check (indication) if the status has been verified as feedback is received. In cases where ‘evidence of impact’ information is gathered from peer-reviewed literature or reports; the species status will be considered 'verified' • Names of the editors as well as the complete reference list of sources consulted is recorded. • Updates will be implemented six-monthly including change in status of species or any new records Notes on the annotations • Species names recorded from source information are referred to the GBIF taxonomic editor; if the source species name is a synonym, the accepted name is also recorded. This will help us to apply a consistent taxonomy across all inventories • Higher taxonomy- Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Genus and Species with species authority. • Environment system- terrestrial/ freshwater / brackish / marine/ host and combinations • Provenance- a) as recorded by the source information b) as interpreted by the compiler - three options applied are alien, native/alien (if the species is native in a part of a country and alien in another part), provenance uncertain/cryptogenic • Invasiveness based on evidence of impact

O pessoal envolvido no projeto:

Editor
Shyama Pagad
Editor
Lucilla Carnevalli

Métodos de Amostragem

This annotated checklist is focused on introduced (alien) and invasive species that are known to occur in Myanmar. The International Union for Conservation of Nature, (IUCN) describes an Introduced/ Alien and Invasive alien species as follows: An Introduced/ Alien species means a species, subspecies, or lower taxon occurring outside of its natural range (past or present) and dispersal potential (i.e. outside the range it occupies naturally or could not occupy without direct or indirect introduction or care by humans) and includes any part, gametes or propagule of such species that might survive and subsequently reproduce. An Invasive alien species means an alien species which becomes established in natural or semi-natural ecosystems or habitat, is an agent of change, and threatens native biological diversity. In GRIIS, species are recorded as having an impact (as 'yes' under 'isInvasive') if there is evidence of the species negatively impacting biodiversity, and including species that are widespread, spreading rapidly or present in high abundance (Pagad et al. 2018). This usage is relevant to the purpose of GRIIS, and consistent with the concept of impact as formulated by Parker et al. (1999) and now widely used (e.g. Didham et al. 2005, Strayer et al. 2006, McGeoch et al. 2010, 2012, Vila et al. 2011), where impact is a function not only of the per capita effect of an individual organism, but is a combined function of the effect, abundance and range size of a species. Impact can of course be defined in different ways, driven by different objectives, such as its usage in EICAT where it is defined as a measurable change to the properties of an ecosystem caused by an alien taxon (Hawkins et al. 2015). Pagad S, Genovesi P, Carnevali L, Schigel D, McGeoch MA (2018) Introducing the Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species. Scientific Data, 5, 170202. https://www.nature.com/articles/sdata2017202 Parker I, Simberloff D, Lonsdale W. et al. (1999) Impact: Toward a Framework for Understanding the Ecological Effects of Invaders. Biological Invasions 1, 3–19 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1010034312781 Didham RK, Tylianakis JM, Hutchison MA, Ewers RM, Gemmell NJ. (2005) Are invasive species the drivers of ecological change? Trends Ecol Evol. 2005 Sep;20(9):470-4. Epub 2005 Jul 21. Strayer DL, Eviner VT, Jeschke JM, Pace ML. (2006) Understanding the long-term effects of species invasions. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 21(11):645-51 McGeoch MA, Butchart SHM, Spear D, Marais E. Kleynhans EJ, Symes A, Chanson J, Hoffmann M. (2010) Global indicators of biological invasion: species numbers, biodiversity impact and policy responses. Diversity and Distributions Volume16, Issue1 January 2010 McGeoch, M.A., Spear, D., Kleynhans, E.J. & Marais, E. 2012. Uncertainty in invasive alien species listing. Ecological Applications 22, 959-971. 10.1890/11-1252.1 Vilà M, Espinar JL, Hejda M, Hulme PE, Jarošík V, Maron JL, Pergl J, Schaffner U, Sun Y, Pyšek P. (2011) Ecological impacts of invasive alien plants: a meta‐analysis of their effects on species, communities and ecosystems. Ecology Letters Volume14, Issue7 July 2011 Pages 702-708 Hawkins CL, Bacher S, Essl F, Hulme PE, Jeschke JM, Kühn I, Kumschick S, Nentwig W, Pergl J, Pyšek P, Rabitsch W, Richardson DM, Vilà M, Wilson JRU, Genovesi P, Blackburn TM. (2015) Framework and guidelines for implementing the proposed IUCN Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT) Diversity and Distributions Volume21, Issue11 November 2015 Pages 1360-1363

Área de Estudo The geographic focus of this checklist is Myanmar
Controle de Qualidade The draft checklist is compiled by collating data and information through a comprehensive literature overview. Additional steps implemented to control the quality of the data are described below. Taxonomic harmonization and normalization using the GBIF taxonomic backbone In order to harmonize all species names across countries, species lists are subjected to a normalization process in which taxon rank and taxonomic status are identified and assigned. Spelling and other errors in assigning species authorship are also corrected. Data validation The checklist compiler team completes a review and validates all the annotations especially those on provenance and 'invasiveness' status of the species based on evidence of impact. Data verification The checklist is submitted to a network of country editors for a review of both accuracy of records, annotations and identification of any significant gaps in the data. Data verification is an iterative process and the activity is declared completed on agreement of all relevant country editors. One of the key tenets of the GRIIS project has been engagement with country editors in the verification process and as custodians of their country checklists. While this has been possible in the majority of countries, the compilers have not been very successful in this engagement for a small number of countries. In these cases, the GRIIS compiler team has completed the validation of the species records while working on identifying country experts.

Descrição dos passos do método:

  1. Data collation and categorization Data filtering and categorization/ classification Taxonomic harmonization and normalization Data validation Data verification
  2. The published methods underpinning GRIIS and each checklist are described in the following article: Pagad S, Genovesi P, Carnevali L, Schigel D, McGeoch MA (2018) Introducing the Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species. Scientific Data, 5, 170202. https://www.nature.com/articles/sdata2017202

Metadados Adicionais

Versioning The GRIIS checklists are dynamic and reflect the latest known status of alien and invasive species presence and impacts. The original versions of each country checklist (v1.0) undergo two potential types of updates: 1. Major updates: These happen when batches of new species or records become available, usually addressing multiple taxonomic groups simultaneously. Each checklist is assigned a new version number after a major update (e.g. from v1.0 to v2.0). 2. Incremental updates: These are smaller ongoing updates involving the addition of new species or records based on new publications as well as taxonomic or other updates. Incremental updates to a checklist are associated with a subversion number, e.g. v1.1. The checklist version number is visible/available on the citation.

Propósito The resource will be a support to countries to make progress to achieve Aichi Biodiversity Target 9 -in the development of their National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans, their National Invasive Alien Species Strategy and Action Plan, target setting and monitoring.
Descrição da manutenção Updates with any new data and any revisions of existing data will be made on a biannual basis
Identificadores alternativos doi:10.15468/snpn7b
0c0ac27f-c7cb-4a1a-b5d7-6d9a386b2c53
https://cloud.gbif.org/griis/resource?r=myanmar-griis-gbif