Dutch Vegetation Database (LVD)

Sampling event
Latest version published by Wageningen Environmental Research on Jul 14, 2016 Wageningen Environmental Research

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 658,800 records in English (311 MB) - Update frequency: annually
Metadata as an EML file download in English (9 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (12 KB)


The Dutch Vegetation Database (LVD) hosts information on all plant communities in the Netherlands. This substantial archive consists of over 600.000 recent and historic vegetation descriptions. The data provide information on more than 85 years of vegetation recording in various habitats covering terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems from natural, semi-natural as well as cultural landscapes.

We share our data openly with the philosophy that transparency and sharing are routes for rapid knowledge generation, cooperation, and capacity building. New collaborations are extremely valuable to make the most of the data. Researchers are more thus encouraged to contact the dataset owner to collaborate on joint analyses and meta-analyses.

Note the dataset can also be explored here: http://www.synbiosys.alterra.nl/lvd

Data Records

The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 658,800 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Hennekens S (2015): Dutch Vegetation Database (LVD). v1.6. Alterra, Wageningen UR. Dataset/Samplingevent. http://doi.org/10.15468/ksqxep


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Wageningen Environmental Research. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 740df67d-5663-41a2-9d12-33ec33876c47.  Wageningen Environmental Research publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Netherlands Biodiversity Information Facility.


Netherlands; Vegetation plots; Turboveg; Alterra; Plant communities; Dutch National Vegetation Database; Samplingevent

External data

The resource data is also available in other formats


Stephan Hennekens
  • Metadata Provider
  • Originator
  • Point Of Contact
Scientific researcher
Alterra, Wageningen UR

Geographic Coverage

The Netherlands

Bounding Coordinates South West [48.458, 3.055], North East [56.342, 11.714]

Taxonomic Coverage

The Dutch Vegetation Database (LVD) covers higher vascular plants, stoneworts, mosses and lichens. In only few cases mushrooms have been recorded.

Kingdom Plantae
Unranked Algae

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1868-01-01 / 2015-11-11

Sampling Methods

More than 600,000 vegetation descriptions are included in this archive using more than 40 different vegetation abundance methods (cover scales). Information about all cover scales can be found here: http://codes.ndff.nl/codes.php?identity=http://ndff-ecogrid.nl/codes/scales/root

Study Extent This dataset is an archive of more than 85 years of vegetation descriptions in various habitats in the Netherlands covering terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems from natural, semi-natural as well as cultural landscapes.
Quality Control The original archive was exported from Turboveg2 in DwC-A format. Data stored in Turboveg ensures that it gets stored in a standard format allowing the data to be easily managed, cleaned, and visualised. It also allows all abundance measurements to be standardised - this archive uses percentage coverage for all species abundance measurements.

Method step description:

  1. All data was imported into Turboveg2.
  2. All data was exported from Turboveg2 in DwC-A format. Turboveg2 ensures the location of threatened species listed on the Dutch Red list are obscured to a level of 5x5 km squares. More information about how Turboveg2 exports to DwC-A can be found in the Turboveg User Manual section 7.24 "Export to Darwin Core Archive": http://www.synbiosys.alterra.nl/turboveg/tvwin.pdf

Additional Metadata

The location of plots having at least one threatened species listed on the Dutch Red list have been obscured to a level of 5x5 km squares.

Purpose The Dutch Vegetation Database (LVD) is used for many different purposes, e.g. vegetation classification, species trend analysis, providing distribution maps of plant communities and Natura 2000 habitat types. Part of the database (100.000 plots) is included in the European Vegetation Database (EVA; http://euroveg.org/eva-database).
Alternative Identifiers 740df67d-5663-41a2-9d12-33ec33876c47