Segetal flora of Italy

Latest version published by Laboratory of Systematic Botany and Floristics - Department of Environmental Biology, Sapienza University on Jul 9, 2020 Laboratory of Systematic Botany and Floristics - Department of Environmental Biology, Sapienza University

The concept of “weed” is very subjective, as any plant that interferes with human activities can be considered a weed. Almost exclusively annual, weeds of arable land are called “agrestals” or “segetals” and were negatively affected, in Europe, by the intensification of agriculture. In recent years, many studies highlighted the ecological and agronomic benefits of these species in agricultural systems. In climates with a cold season, segetal plants can be divided in two main groups according to their phenology, following the one of the cultivated species: taxa of winter crops, like winter wheat, and taxa of summer crops, like maize. Segetal species of winter crops are mostly native or archaeophyte in Europe, and often strong specialist of their habitat. They also include several anecophytes, “homeless weeds” that evolved in the last 10,000 years under agricultural conditions and do not have a natural habitat. Weed species are selected and evolve according to their ability to mimic crop attributes as lifecycle and ecology and, then, to survive agricultural practices. Many segetal plants are crop wild relatives and consequently a potential source of genes to improve the features of crop species. Thus, the segetal flora of winter cereal crops is particularly valuable from a conservation and evolutionary perspective.

This dataset contributed to provide the first inventory of the segetal flora of Italian winter cereal crops and allied crop types, including flax and autumn-sown legumes (Fanfarillo et al. 2020). The entire database consists of over 30,000 records, derived from different sources: phytosociological and floristic relevés, local and regional floras, single floristic notes and, subordinately, herbarium samples. Here, we publish 24,676 occurrence data deriving from 1,240 relevés.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 24,676 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 24,676 records in English (330 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (14 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (10 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Fanfarillo E, Latini M, Iberite M, Abbate G (2020): Segetal flora of Italy. v1.8. Laboratory of Systematic Botany and Floristics - Department of Environmental Biology, Sapienza University. Dataset/Occurrence. https://cloud.gbif.org/eca/resource?r=segflorit&v=1.8

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Laboratory of Systematic Botany and Floristics - Department of Environmental Biology, Sapienza University. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: d1f724bf-8d68-49c8-a87f-5c9e7a7b9deb.  Laboratory of Systematic Botany and Floristics - Department of Environmental Biology, Sapienza University publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Participant Node Managers Committee.

Keywords

Occurrence; Observation; agrestal weeds; agriculture; agroecosystems; arable flora; archaeophytes; segetal flora; wheat; winter annual crops; winter cereals

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Emanuele Fanfarillo
Research Fellow
Sapienza University of Rome IT
Marta Latini
Research Fellow
Sapienza University of Rome IT
Mauro Iberite
Researcher
Sapienza University of Rome IT
Giovanna Abbate
Associate Professor
Sapienza University of Rome IT

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Marta Latini
Research Fellow
Sapienza University of Rome IT
Emanuele Fanfarillo
Research Fellow
Sapienza University of Rome IT

Who filled in the metadata:

Marta Latini
Research Fellow
Sapienza University of Rome IT
Emanuele Fanfarillo
Research Fellow
Sapienza University of Rome IT

Geographic Coverage

Italy

Bounding Coordinates South West [35.4, 6.5], North East [47.2, 18.6]

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1946-01-01 / 2018-12-31

Project Data

The disappearance of traditional agroecosystems and of their related biodiversity due to changes in agriculture is receiving an increasing attention in Europe. The use of databases on plant taxonomical, distributional, ecological, and functional traits is of crucial importance in conservation actions. The need to improve monitoring and reporting activities by improving the quality of biodiversity data is underlined by the European Biodiversity Strategy; thus, big databases like EUNIS, BISE, and EASIN were born. This project aims to fulfil a global analysis of the plant biodiversity existing in traditional agroecosystems of Italy, whose knowledge is currently lacking, by means of the collection, storage, and processing of original and archival data. The proposed actions will concern: the preparation of thematic databases on segetal flora and vegetation, including the features of plant species and communities; the analysis of data at different space (national, regional, local) and time scales; the production of thematic maps on plant biodiversity and its related topics; the development of new methods to estimate the nature value of agroecosystems; the detection of bioindicator plant species for floristic richness, agricultural intensity, and environmental quality. A special attention will be given to winter arable plants and communities, currently at high risk of disappearance in Europe, and subordinately to those of olive groves. The achieved results will provide an important basis for any future research, with special regards to the definition of conservation strategies for rural European plant biodiversity.

Title Plant biodiversity in traditional agroecosystems of Italy: a floristic and ecological multi-scale analysis based on geodatabases
Identifier RM118164361D0EE4
Funding Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy

The personnel involved in the project:

Sampling Methods

The occurrence data were retrieved through extensive literature searches and intensive field samplings all across Italy. As regards literature, we used a habitat-based criterion for data selection, i.e. we collected only the records for taxa unambiguously reported to grow in winter cereals, flax and autumn-sown legumes.

Study Extent The study aimed to create an inventory of all the vascular flora growing in Italian winter cereal crops and allied crop types. The data were collected from the whole Italian territory, in a temporal range spanning from 1946 to 2018.
Quality Control We excluded all the records with no information on the growing habitat or with only a generic reference to “fields” or “cultivated land”. All the records of taxa at the genus or higher level, doubtful identifications, nomenclatural ambiguities, and cultivated species were also removed.

Method step description:

  1. The occurrence data were georeferenced and the taxonomic nomenclature was updated according to current standards available for Italy.

Bibliographic Citations

  1. E. Fanfarillo, M. Latini, M. Iberite, G. Bonari, G. Nicolella, L. Rosati, G. Salerno & G. Abbate (2020): The segetal flora of winter cereals and allied crops in Italy: species inventory with chorological, structural and ecological features, Plant Biosystems 10.1080/11263504.2020.1739164

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers d1f724bf-8d68-49c8-a87f-5c9e7a7b9deb
https://cloud.gbif.org/eca/resource?r=segflorit