Amphibians and Reptiles in Protected Areas in Ilocos Norte Province, Luzon Island, Northern Philippines

最新バージョン HerpWatch Pilipinas, Inc. によって公開 May 5, 2019 HerpWatch Pilipinas, Inc.

We report here a sample-event dataset of our herpetofaunal surveys in Protected Areas (PAs) in Ilocos Norte Province, Luzon Island, the Philippines, conducted from 2017 to 2018. We used a combination of systematic sampling using standardized techniques and opportunistic sampling to survey the diversity of amphibians and reptiles in three Protected Areas -- (1) Paoay Lake National Park, (2) Metropolitan Ilocos Norte Watershed Forest Reserve, and (3) Kalbario Patapat Natural Park, and their environs in Ilocos Norte Province. Our survey resulted in distribution records of 38 alien and native amphibian and reptile species (including new provincial records of seven reptile species), bringing to a total of 65 amphibian and reptile species for the province of Ilocos Norte (see Brown et al., 2012, Check List 8[3]: 469-490).

This survey is part of an invasive alien species-targeted survey and a long-term monitoring programme of HerpWatch Pilipinas, Inc., and respective Protected Areas. The dataset will be updated annually by HerpWatch Pilipinas, Inc. The development of this dataset was made possible through the project of Arman N. Pili with the National Geographic Science and Exploration Asia (ASIA 57-16): "Aliens versus natives: understanding the dynamics of competition in food and habitat resources between invasive alien frogs and endemic frogs in a global biodiversity hotspot”; and a project of HerpWatch Pilipinas, Inc. (HWP), in collaboration with the Biodiversity Management Bureau of the Philippine Department of Environment and Natural Rersources (BMB-DENR) and The University of Santo Tomas – Biodiversity, Ecology, Systematics, and Taxonomy Group (BEST): “Alien Amphibians and Reptiles, a Threat to Philippine Biosecurity: Developing a National Invasive Alien Amphibian and Reptile Species Inventory and Occurrence Database and an Observation and Monitoring System” Project (BIFA03_26) funded by the Ministry of the Environment, Government of Japan.

データ レコード

この sampling event リソース内のデータは、1 つまたは複数のデータ テーブルとして生物多様性データを共有するための標準化された形式であるダーウィン コア アーカイブ (DwC-A) として公開されています。 コア データ テーブルには、212 レコードが含まれています。 拡張データ テーブルは1 件存在しています。拡張レコードは、コアのレコードについての追加情報を提供するものです。 各拡張データ テーブル内のレコード数を以下に示します。

  • Event (コア)
    212
  • Occurrence 
    275

この IPT はデータをアーカイブし、データ リポジトリとして機能します。データとリソースのメタデータは、 ダウンロード セクションからダウンロードできます。 バージョン テーブルから公開可能な他のバージョンを閲覧でき、リソースに加えられた変更を知ることができます。

ダウンロード

DwC-A形式のリソース データまたは EML / RTF 形式のリソース メタデータの最新バージョンをダウンロード:

DwC ファイルとしてのデータ ダウンロード 212 レコード English で (18 KB) - 更新頻度: not planned
EML ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (30 KB)
RTF ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (19 KB)

バージョン

次の表は、公にアクセス可能な公開バージョンのリソースのみ表示しています。

引用方法

研究者はこの研究内容を以下のように引用する必要があります。:

Pili A (2019): Amphibians and Reptiles in Protected Areas in Ilocos Norte Province, Luzon Island, Northern Philippines. v1.2. HerpWatch Pilipinas, Inc.. Dataset/Samplingevent. https://cloud.gbif.org/bifa/resource?r=ilocos_norte_herps&v=1.2

権利

研究者は権利に関する下記ステートメントを尊重する必要があります。:

パブリッシャーとライセンス保持者権利者は HerpWatch Pilipinas, Inc.。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF登録

このリソースをはGBIF と登録されており GBIF UUID: 385f5b18-5ceb-4458-ab4b-84d7850034fdが割り当てられています。   Participant Node Managers Committee によって承認されたデータ パブリッシャーとして GBIF に登録されているHerpWatch Pilipinas, Inc. が、このリソースをパブリッシュしました。

キーワード

Samplingevent; Herpetofauna; Philippines; Biodiversity; Reptile; Amphibian; invasive alien species

連絡先

リソースを作成した人:

Arman Pili
Science Research Specialist
HerpWatch Pilipinas, Inc. #1198 Benavidez St., Unit 1202, Tondo 1003 Manila City Metropolitan Manila PH

リソースに関する質問に答えることができる人:

Arman Pili
Science Research Specialist
HerpWatch Pilipinas, Inc. #1198 Benavidez St., Unit 1202, Tondo 1003 Manila City Metropolitan Manila PH
Mae Lowe Diesmos
Corporate Secretary
HerpWatch Pilipinas, Inc. #1198 Benavidez St., Unit 1202, Tondo 1003 Manila City Metropolitan Manila PH
Arvin Diesmos

メタデータを記載した人:

Arman Pili
Science Research Specialist
HerpWatch Pilipinas, Inc. #1198 Benavidez St., Unit 1202, Tondo 1003 Manila City Metropolitan Manila PH

他に、リソースに関連付けられていた人:

データ利用者
The Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Hosting Institution
The Global Biodiversity Information Facility Universitetsparken 15 DK-2100 Copenhagen DK
https://www.gbif.org/
データ利用者
Community Environment and Natural Resources Office - Bangui
Community Environment and Natural Resources Office - Bangui Pan-Philippine Hwy Bangui Ilocos Norte PH
データ利用者
Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) - Biodiversity Management Bureau (BMB)
Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) - Biodiversity Management Bureau (BMB) Ninoy Aquino Parks and Wildlife Center Quezon City Metropolitan Manila PH
http://www.bmb.gov.ph/
データ利用者
Community Environment and Natural Resources Office - Laoag City
Community Environment and Natural Resources Office - Laoag City Barangay Barit Laoag City Ilocos Norte PH

地理的範囲

The general geographic scope of the dataset is Ilocos Norte Province, the Philippines. Herpetofaunal surveys were conducted in Protected Areas and their environs in Ilocos Norte Province, Northern Luzon Island, the Philippines. -- Paoay Lake National Park (PLNP), Metropolitan Ilocos Norte Watershed and Forest Reserve (MINWFR), and Kalbario-Patapat Natural Park (KPNP), including the sand dunes of Municipality of Paoay.

座標(緯度経度) 南 西 [17.508, 120.366], 北 東 [18.625, 121.069]

生物分類学的範囲

The taxonomic coverage of this dataset includes 16 species of frogs and toads (Class Amphibia: Order Anura: six families), 21 species of snakes, lizards, and geckos (Class Reptilia: Order Squamata: 8 families), and one species of turtle (Class Reptilia: Order Testudines: Family Bataguridae).

Species  Ahaetulla prasina,  Boiga philippina,  Bronchocela marmorata,  Coelognathus erythrura,  Cuora amboinensis,  Cyrtodactylus philippinicus,  Draco spilopterus,  Dryophiopis philippina,  Eutropis multicarinata,  Fejervarya vittigera,  Gekko gecko,  Gekko kikuchi,  Hemidactylus bookii,  Hemidactylus frenatus,  Hemidactylus platyurus,  Hoplobatrachus rugulosus,  Kaloula kalingensis,  Kaloula picta,  Kaloula pulchra,  Kaloula rigida,  Lamprolepis smaragdina,  Limnonectes macrocephalus,  Limnonectes woodworthi,  Malayopython reticulatus,  Occidozyga laevis,  Oligodon anchorus,  Otosaurus cumingi,  Oxyrhabdium leporinum,  Platymantis cagayanensis,  Polypedates leucomystax,  Psammodynastes pulverulentus,  Pulchrana similis,  Rhacophorus pardalis,  Rhinella marina,  Sanguirana igorota,  Sanguirana luzonensis,  Trimeresurus flavomaculatus,  Varanus marmoratus

時間的範囲

生成(収集)期間 February 2017, June 2017, April 2018, November 2018, and in the future.

プロジェクトデータ

The main goal of this Project is to fill taxonomic, geographical, and historical gaps in species occurrence and sampling-event data, focused on the 13 alien amphibians and reptiles in the Philippines, and develop an online national platform for long-term observation and monitoring of alien species invasions, with alien amphibian and reptile as pilot group. This will be achieved by: (1) assembling historical and geographical data from literature and natural history collections; (2) generating species occurrence and sampling-event data by conducting targeted herpetofaunal surveys in two key conservation areas, namely, Ilocos Norte Province, Luzon Island and Palawan Island, Palawan Province; (3) reconstruct invasion histories and develop ‘Pest Risk Maps’; and, (4) ultimately, developing an observation and monitoring system, named “DAYO” (filipino for “alien”) which we envision to be an online, open-access national platform and repository of species occurrence data and sampling-event data dedicated to invasive alien species in the Philippines, with alien amphibians and reptiles as pilot group, in the form of a web portal and a smartphone application. (5) In addition, Information campaigns and training workshops targeting key stakeholders (i.e., communities, environmental managers) will be conducted to promote and encourage citizen science and contributions from volunteers. HerpWatch Pilipinas, Inc. (HWP) leads the project in assembling species occurrence and sampling-event data, conducting herpetofaunal surveys, data analysis, preparation of data papers and original articles for publication, preparation of technical and financial reports, and official communication with GBIF-BIFA. The Biodiversity Management Bureau of the Philippine Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR-BMB) helps in the design and execution of project and logistics in information campaigns and training workshops. The University of Santo Tomas – Biodiversity, Ecology, Systematics, and Taxonomy Group (BEST) provides consultancy and support for meeting venues, fieldwork, and laboratory.

タイトル Biodiversity Information Fund for Asia (BIFA) – BIFA3_026: Alien Amphibians and Reptiles, a Threat to Philippine Biosecurity: Developing a National Invasive Alien Amphibian and Reptile Species Inventory and Occurrence Database and an Observation and Monitoring System
識別子 BIFA3_026
ファンデイング The Ministry of the Environment, Government of Japan, through the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Biodiversity Information Fund for Asia (BIFA) programme.
Study Area Description (1) Philippine Archipelago, the Philippines; (2) Ilocos Norte Province, Luzon Island, the Philippines; (3) Palawan Province, Palawan Island, the Philippines

プロジェクトに携わる要員:

収集方法

We conducted systematic herpetofaunal surveys following the protocol of timed visual encounter survey (transect and patch sampling method; Crump & Scott 1994). We established a total of thirty 10 X 100m standardized transect strips, spaced 100m apart, in different habitat types (e.g., along the road, parallel to lake shoreline, along streams in secondary growth forests, trail and non-trail transects in secondary growth forests), in an effort to avoid sampling bias. Moreover, we established 10 X 10m habitat patches (i.e., sampling plots) in cave habitats and one-hectare habitat patches were established in agricultural areas. We surveyed transect and habitat patches for approximately 45 minutes during day-light (07:00–10:00 h) and at night (18:00–23:00 h). To avoid disturbance, we made sure that transects surveyed during the day were not traversed at night, and vice-versa, on successive days/nights. We also conducted general observations and opportunistic sampling around the camp and trails to maximize information collected from the study areas. We searched for animals by visually scanning the ground, over rocks and boulders, in pits, cavities, and crevices of limestone karsts, and vegetation, while raking the forest floor litter, probing epiphytes and tree hollows, upturning dead logs, debris, rocks, and man-made items. The animals that we encountered during the surveys were recorded, as were associated data, including their habitat and activity upon first notice (e.g., calling, foraging, mating, etc.). We collected a limited number of voucher specimens for each species that was encountered and were preserved following McDiarmid (1994) and Gotte et al. (2016). We include below whenever possible the catalog numbers corresponding to voucher specimens deposited at the Philippine National Museum of Natural Hisotry (PNM). We followed the field survey protocols as outlined in an existing active Wildlife Gratuitous Permit to Collect (GP) No. 277 (c/o Arman N. Pili, University of Santo Tomas) and 282 (c/o Mae Lowe L. Diesmos, HerpWatch Pilipinas, Inc., provided by the Biodiversity Management Bureau (BMB) of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources). We followed Brown & Alcala (1978), Brown & Alcala (1980), Alcala and Brown (1998), and Alcala (1986) for initial species identification. These identifications were verified by A.C. Diesmos. We adopted the taxonomic arrangements of AmphibiaWeb (2019), Amphibian species of the world (Frost 2019), and the Reptile Database (Uetz et al. 2019).

Study Extent Herpetofaunal surveys were conducted in Paoay Lake National Park (PLNP), Metropolitan Ilocos Norte Watershed and Forest Reserve (MINWFR), and Kalbario-Patapat Natural Park (KPNP), including the sand dunes of Municipality of Paoay.
Quality Control The dataset was cleaned and validated using OpenRefine and Species Name Resolver. The dataset was standardized to Darwin Core format.

Method step description:

  1. Sampling and survey method -- Systematic herpetofaunal surveys following the protocol of timed visual encounter survey (transect and patch sampling method; Crump & Scott 1994). We established a total of thirty 10 X 100m standardized transect strips, spaced 100m apart, in different habitat types (e.g., along the road, parallel to lake shoreline, along streams in secondary growth forests, trail and non-trail transects in secondary growth forests), in an effort to avoid sampling bias. Moreover, we established 10 X 10m habitat patches (i.e., sampling plots) in cave habitats and one-hectare habitat patches were established in agricultural areas. we surveyed transect and habitat patches for approximately 45 minutes during day-light (07:00–10:00 h) and at night (18:00–23:00 h). To avoid disturbance, we made sure that transects surveyed during the day were not traversed at night, and vice-versa, on successive days/nights. We also conducted general observations and opportunistic sampling around the camp and trails to maximize information collected from the study areas. We searched for animals by visually scanning the ground, over rocks and boulders, in pits, cavities, and crevices of limestone karsts, and vegetation, while raking the forest floor litter, probing epiphytes and tree hollows, upturning dead logs, debris, rocks, and man-made items. The animals that we encountered during the surveys were recorded, as were associated data, including their habitat and activity upon first notice (e.g., calling, foraging, mating, etc.).
  2. Preservation method -- We collected a limited number of voucher specimens for each species that was encountered and were preserved following McDiarmid (1994) and Gotte et al. (2016). We include below whenever possible the catalog numbers corresponding to voucher specimens deposited at the Philippine National Museum of Natural Hisotry (PNM).
  3. Permits -- We followed the field survey protocols as outlined in an existing active Wildlife Gratuitous Permit to Collect (GP) No. 277 (c/o Arman N. Pili, University of Santo Tomas) and 282 (c/o Mae Lowe L. Diesmos, HerpWatch Pilipinas, Inc., provided by the Biodiversity Management Bureau (BMB) of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources).
  4. Identification and taxonomic reference -- We followed Brown & Alcala (1978), Brown & Alcala (1980), Alcala and Brown (1998), and Alcala (1986) for initial species identification. These identifications were verified by A.C. Diesmos. We adopted the taxonomic arrangements of AmphibiaWeb (2019), Amphibian species of the world (Frost 2019), and the Reptile Database (Uetz et al. 2019).
  5. Database management -- field sheets were transcribed into excel files by field members one week post-survey. Specimens were deposited to the Philippine National Museum of Natural History and the identities were authenticated by the resident curator. The dataset was cleaned and validated using OpenRefine and Species Names Validator. The dataset was standardized to Darwin Core format.

追加のメタデータ

代替識別子 385f5b18-5ceb-4458-ab4b-84d7850034fd
https://cloud.gbif.org/bifa/resource?r=ilocos_norte_herps