Occurrence data set of Non-Timber Forest Products species for medicinal purposes in Zimbabwe’s biodiversity hotspots

Versão mais recente publicado por Bindura University Of Science Education em Jan 29, 2019 Bindura University Of Science Education

The data in this resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains occurrence data set. The date on medicinal plants is published by Bindura University of Science Education (BUSE), Department of Natural Resources, which is the national node for GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility) in Zimbabwe. BUSE and National Herbarium and Botanic garden will be in charge maintenance and updating the data set. The data that is documented in this resource are wild plants that are important for provision of medicine to communities in and around these biodiversity hotspots in Zimbabwe. The biodiversity hotspots are Chimanimani, Chipinge and Nyanga in the Eastern Highlands, Mutorashanga in the Great Dyke and Hwange in the dry savanna. The resource contains occurrence data for medicinal plants used to treat a wide variety of ailments.

Registros de Dados

Os dados deste recurso de ocorrência foram publicados como um Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), que é o formato padronizado para compartilhamento de dados de biodiversidade como um conjunto de uma ou mais tabelas de dados. A tabela de dados do núcleo contém 4,439 registros.

Este IPT armazena os dados e, portanto, serve como um repositório de dados. Os dados e os metadados do recurso estão disponíveis para download no seção de downloads. A tabela de versões lista outras versões do recurso que foram disponibilizadas ao público e permite o rastreamento das alterações realizadas no recurso ao longo do tempo.

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Versões

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Como citar

Pesquisadores deveriam citar esta obra da seguinte maneira:

Jimu L, Mapaura A, Mureva A, Mujuru L, Muvengwi J, Nyakudya I (2018): Occurrence data set of Non-Timber Forest Products species for medicinal purposes in Zimbabwe’s biodiversity hotspots. v1.2. Bindura University Of Science Education. Dataset/Occurrence. https://cloud.gbif.org/bid/resource?r=medicinal_plants&v=1.2

Direitos

Pesquisadores devem respeitar a seguinte declaração de direitos:

O editor e o detentor dos direitos deste trabalho é Bindura University Of Science Education. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

Este recurso foi registrado no GBIF e atribuído ao seguinte GBIF UUID: 424c2bbf-e40b-46e6-a19e-69235d7d29b3.  Bindura University Of Science Education publica este recurso, e está registrado no GBIF como um publicador de dados aprovado por Participant Node Managers Committee.

Palavras-chave

Occurrence; Conservation; Human health; Medicine; Plant biodiversity; Policy

Contatos

Quem criou esse recurso:

Luke Jimu
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 263 Bindura Zimbabwe ZW 7355825158
Anthony Mapaura
Curator
National Hebarium and Botanical Garden Box A889, Avondale +263 Harare Harare ZW 772806649
Admore Mureva
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 263 Bindura Mashonaland Central ZW 735123149
Lizzie Mujuru
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 263 Bindura Mashonaland Central ZW 735302279
Justice Muvengwi
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 +263 Bindura Mashonaland Central ZW 779702922
Innocent Nyakudya
Dean
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 +263 Bindura Mashonaland Central ZW 712635474

Quem pode responder a perguntas sobre o recurso:

Luke Jimu
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 263 Bindura Zimbabwe ZW 7355825158
Admore Mureva
lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 263 Bindura Zimbabwe ZW 735123149
Lizzie Mujuru
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 263 Bindura Zimbabwe ZW 735302279

Quem preencher os metadados:

Luke Jimu
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 263 Bindura Zimbabwe ZW 7355825158
Lizzie Mujuru
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 263 Bindura Zimbabwe ZW 735302279
Justice Muvengwi
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 263 Bindura Mashonaland Central ZW 779702922
Innocent Nyakudya
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 263 Bindura Zimbabwe ZW 712635474
Admore Mureva
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 263 Bindura Mashonaland Central ZW 7355825158
Antony Mapaura
Curator
National Hebarium and Botanical Garden Box 889, Avondale 263 Harare Harare ZW 772806649

Quem mais foi associado com o recurso:

Usuário
Admore Mureva
Lecturer
Bindura University of Science Education P.Bag 1020 263 Bindura Zimbabwe ZW
Anthony Mapaura
Curator
National Hebarium and Botanical Garden P.Bag 1020 +263 Bindura Mashonaland Central ZW

Cobertura Geográfica

The project was in five biodiversity hotspots of Zimbabwe, Nyanga, Chimanimani, Chipinge, Mutorashanga and Hwange. Nyanga, Chipinge and Chimanimani are in the eastern highlands of Zimbabwe and are part of the Afro-montane region. The vegetation of this region is typically sub-montane with interspersed grasslands (Jimu and Ngoroyemoto, 2011). The mountain range comprises a complex mosaic of vegetation types including forests, woodlands, and grasslands. The geology is mainly the Precambrian Umkondo system, which consists of flat-lying shales, quartzites and intrusive dolerites. The soils are highly leached paraferallitic (Jimu and Ngoroyemoto, 2011). The drainage pattern is characterised by deeply cut valleys. The region falls in agro-ecological regions I and II with annual rainfall ranging 1741 to 2997 mm. Chipinge has an intact forest, the Chirinda Forest with unique trees such as Chrysophyllum gorungosanum, Ficus chirindensis, Khaya anthotheca, Argomuellera macrophylla, Celtis mildbraedii, Strychnos ellodora and Strychnos mitis. These trees are either only found in Chirinda Forest or are very rare in other parts of the country. The Nyanga site has communities in and around Nyanga National Park that has some of the most important species such Prunus africana. The Chimanimani area is one of the important biodiversity conservation areas in Zimbabwe. The Great Dyke of Zimbabwe presents a geological phenomenon, holding various high value metallurgical ores that include Chrome, Platinum and Nickel (Wild, 1965). Serpentine soils are well known to have an abnormally high ex changeable magnesium to exchangeable calcium ratio (Anderson and Talbot, 1965). The Great Dyke is dominated by the miombo vegetation dominated by Julbernardia globiflora, Brachystegia spiciformis, Brachystegia boehmii and Brachystegia allenii. The Hwange biodiversity hotspot is located in the western section of the country. Communities at this site are located adjacent to Hwange National Park, which is the largest conservation area in Zimbabwe. The area is typical dystrophic savanna with nutrient poor soils comprising of sandier soils that are well drained and of variable depth but often shallow, medium grained sands or loamy sands over strong brown gravelly loamy sands or sandy loams. The common tree species in the area include Acacia sp, Sclerocarya birrea, Lonchocarpus bussei, Vangueria infausta, Ziziphus mucronata, Combretum imberbe, C. apiculatum, Dichrostachys cinerea and Colophospermum mopane.

Coordenadas delimitadoras Sul Oeste [-90, -180], Norte Leste [90, 180]

Dados Sobre o Projeto

The data in this resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains occurrence data set. The date on medicinal plants is published by Bindura University of Science Education (BUSE), Department of Natural Resources, which is the national node for GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility) in Zimbabwe. BUSE and National Herbarium and Botanic garden will be in charge maintenance and updating the data set. The data that is documented in this resource are wild plants that are important for provision of medicine to communities in and around these biodiversity hotspots in Zimbabwe. The biodiversity hotspots are Chimanimani, Chipinge and Nyanga in the Eastern Highlands, Mutorashanga in the Great Dyke and Hwange in the dry savanna. The resource contains occurrence data for medicinal plants used to treat a wide variety of ailments.

Título Mobilization of data on non- timber forest products’ species in Zimbabwe’s five biodiversity hotspots: towards the enhancement of food security and human health
Identificador BID-AF2017-0237-NAC
Financiamento European Union through GBIF (Main Funder), Bindura University of Science Education, National Herbarium and Botanic Garden and Forestry Commission
Descrição da Área de Estudo The project was in five biodiversity hotspots of Zimbabwe, Nyanga, Chimanimani, Chipinge, Mutorashanga and Hwange. Nyanga, Chipinge and Chimanimani are in the eastern highlands of Zimbabwe and are part of the Afro-montane region. The vegetation of this region is typically sub-montane with interspersed grasslands (Jimu and Ngoroyemoto, 2011). The mountain range comprises a complex mosaic of vegetation types including forests, woodlands, and grasslands. The geology is mainly the Precambrian Umkondo system, which consists of flat-lying shales, quartzites and intrusive dolerites. The soils are highly leached paraferallitic (Jimu and Ngoroyemoto, 2011). The drainage pattern is characterised by deeply cut valleys. The region falls in agro-ecological regions I and II with annual rainfall ranging 1741 to 2997 mm.
Descrição do Design Community meetings were held in Chimanimani, Chipinge, Nyanga, Mutorashanga and Hwange to identify species of medicinal importance. Semi-structured and key-informant interviews and group discussions were used in each community. Data on species was collected using vernacular names. Plant species used by the local communities in each study area were authenticated by botanists and taxonomists. A Multi-stakeholder meeting was held to consolidate the list of species. Groups were created basing on hotspot area. In each group, prioritisation of medicinal plant species was done by ranking them basing on importance and multiple uses. Review of literature was done to supplement the data gathered from community meetings. Prioritisation of plant species of medicinal importance was done at a multi-stakeholder meeting. The data were prepared into a checklist. This checklist was then used to develop an occurrence data set using specimen stored at National Herbarium and Botanical Garden. Data were checked for quality using databases and software such as Catalogue of Life, Flora of Zimbabwe, Excel, OpenRefine, and GEOLocate. After quality checks, the checklist was uploaded on the GBIF website.

O pessoal envolvido no projeto:

Autor
Luke Jimu
Autor
Admore Mureva
Curador
Anthony Mapaura
Lizzie Mujuru
Autor
Innocent Nyakudya
Autor
Justice Muvengwi

Métodos de Amostragem

Data concerning species used for medicinal purposes, along with use categories, was compiled from representatives drawn from 17 communities. A total of 102 informants who included men, women, youths and traditional healers participated in the surveys. Of the selected communities, utilisation by men, women and youths was studied using group discussions and key informant interviews. For each hotspot area, separate groups of men and women were used. Information was given using local plant names, part(s) used, methods of preparation and how they are used. Additional data were compiled from publications, books and herbarium specimens collected from the hotspot areas. The species obtained from these surveys and literature were used to develop a checklist of medicinal trees. The checklist was then used to develop an occurrence data set using all the specimen in the National Herbarium and Botanical Gardens in Harare, Zimbabwe.

Área de Estudo Data on tree species of medicinal importance were collected from Chimanimani (19°48'S;32°52'E), Chipinge (20°24'S;32°41'E) and Nyanga (18°13'S;32°44'E) in the Eastern Highlands, Mutorashanga (17°25'S;30°35'E)in the Great Dyke and Hwange (19°07'S;26°35'E) in the west.
Controle de Qualidade Data were checked for quality using software and databases such Catalogue of Life, Flora of Zimbabwe, Excel data cleaning, ECAT name parser, OpenRefine and GEOLocate.

Descrição dos passos do método:

  1. The goal of this project was to collect data on wild plant species of medicinal value to communities in and surrounding biodiversity hotspots of Zimbabwe. Forest ecosystems in Zimbabwe include afromontane, savannah and wooded grasslands. Among these are nationally and internationally recognised biodiversity hotspots containing endemic, rare, threatened and endangered plant species. To achieve the goal of this project, five of these biodiversity hotspots were purposively selected to cover the major vegetation types in the country. These areas were Chimanimani, Chipinge and Nyanga in the afromontane/ miombo vegetation zone, Mutorashanga in the miombo zone and Hwange in the dry savannah. Community meetings were held in Chimanimani, Chipinge, Nyanga, Mutorashanga and Hwange to identify species of medicinal importance. Semi-structured and key-informant interviews and group discussions were used in each community. Data on species was collected using vernacular names. Plant species used by the local communities in each study area were authenticated by botanists and taxonomists. A Multi-stakeholder meeting was held to consolidate the list of species. Groups were created basing on hotspot area. In each group, prioritisation of medicinal plant species was done by ranking them basing on importance and multiple uses. Review of literature was done to supplement the data gathered from community meetings. Prioritisation of plant species of medicinal importance was done at a multi-stakeholder meeting. The data were prepared into a checklist. This checklist was then used to develop an occurrence data set using specimen stored at National Herbarium and Botanical Garden. Data were checked for quality using databases and software such as Catalogue of Life, Flora of Zimbabwe, Excel, OpenRefine, and GEOLocate. After quality checks, the checklist was uploaded on the GBIF website.

Metadados Adicionais

Identificadores alternativos 424c2bbf-e40b-46e6-a19e-69235d7d29b3
https://cloud.gbif.org/bid/resource?r=medicinal_plants