Coral Reef Monitoring for Climate Change Impacts: Jamaica 2000-2003

Última versión Publicado por Caribbean Coastal Data Centre, Centre for Marine Sciences en Apr 16, 2019 Caribbean Coastal Data Centre, Centre for Marine Sciences

The Caribbean Planning for Adaptation to Global Climate Change (CPACC) project was established in 1998 by CARICOM countries in response to the growing concerns regarding the impact of global climate change in the region. Component 5 of the CPACC project, Coral Reef Monitoring for Climate Change Impacts, was designed to establish a long term monitoring programme in the region. Under CPACC, the University of the West Indies - Centre for Marine Sciences provided technical assistance in the execution of the coral reef monitoring programme in three pilot countries (The Bahamas, Belize and Jamaica). Jamaica continued monitoring beyond the pilot year (2000) and these datasets represent the results of the coral reef monitoring conducted in Jamaica for the period 2000-2003.

Registros

Los datos en este evento de muestreo recurso han sido publicados como Archivo Darwin Core(DwC-A), el cual es un formato estándar para compartir datos de biodiversidad como un conjunto de una o más tablas de datos. La tabla de datos del core contiene 12 registros. también existen 1 tablas de datos de extensiones. Un registro en una extensión provee información adicional sobre un registro en el core. El número de registros en cada tabla de datos de la extensión se ilustra a continuación.

  • Event (core)
    12
  • Occurrence 
    194

Este IPT archiva los datos, sirviendo así como repositorio de datos. Los datos y metadatos están disponibles para descargar en la sección de descargas. La tabla de versiones muestra otras versiones del recurso que se han hecho accesibles al público y permite el seguimiento de los cambios hechos al recurso en el tiempo.

Descargas

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Datos como un archivo DwC-A descargar 12 registros en Inglés (11 KB) - Frecuencia de actualización: cuando sea necesario
Metadatos como un archivo EML descargar en Inglés (16 KB)
Metadatos como un archivo RTF descargar en Inglés (16 KB)

Versiones

La siguiente tabla muestra sólo las versiones publicadas del recurso que son de acceso público.

¿Cómo referenciar?

Los usuarios deben citar este trabajo de la siguiente manera:

Ford M (2019): Coral Reef Monitoring for Climate Change Impacts: Jamaica 2000-2003. v1.3. Caribbean Coastal Data Centre, Centre for Marine Sciences. Dataset/Samplingevent. https://cloud.gbif.org/bid/resource?r=cpacc_corals&v=1.3

Derechos

Los usuarios deben respetar los siguientes derechos de uso:

El publicador y propietario de los derechos de este trabajo es Caribbean Coastal Data Centre, Centre for Marine Sciences. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

Registro GBIF

Este recurso ha sido registrado en GBIF con el siguiente UUID: d07d09dd-d098-4622-95e2-84799f8d7a20.  Caribbean Coastal Data Centre, Centre for Marine Sciences publica este recurso, y está registrado en GBIF como un publicador de datos avalado por Participant Node Managers Committee.

Palabras Clave

Samplingevent; Coral reef Monitoring; climate change; Jamaica; Discovery Bay; Port Royal; Pellew Island

Contactos

¿Quién creó el recurso?:

Marcia Ford
Environmental Data Manager
Caribbean Coastal Data Centre, UWI-Centre for Marine Sciences Mona Campus KGN7 Kingston JM +18769271609
http://www.mona.uwi.edu/cms/ccdc/

¿Quién puede resolver dudas acerca del recurso?:

Marcia Ford
Environmental Data Manager
Caribbean Coastal Data Centre, UWI-Centre for Marine Sciences Mona Campus KGN7 Kingston JM +18769271609
http://www.mona.uwi.edu/cms/ccdc/

¿Quién documentó los metadatos?:

Marcia Ford
Environmental Data Manager
Caribbean Coastal Data Centre, UWI-Centre for Marine Sciences Mona Campus KGN7 Kingston JM +18769271609
http://www.mona.uwi.edu/cms/ccdc/

¿Quién más está asociado con el recurso?:

Proveedor de los Metadatos
Marcia Ford
Environmental Data Manager
Caribbean Coastal Data Centre, UWI-Centre for Marine Sciences Mona Campus KGN7 Kingston JM +18769271609
http://www.mona.uwi.edu/cms/ccdc/

Cobertura Geográfica

The three Operational Areas that were selected for monitoring in Jamaica were Eastern Portland (minimally impacted), Discovery Bay in St Ann (mildly impacted) and Port Royal Cays in Kingston (severely impacted).

Coordenadas límite Latitud Mínima Longitud Mínima [17.77, -78.464], Latitud Máxima Longitud Máxima [18.646, -76.135]

Cobertura Temporal

Fecha Inicial / Fecha Final 2000-01-01 / 2003-01-01

Datos del Proyecto

The Caribbean Planning for Adaptation to Climate Change (CPACC) project was developed by CAROCOM countries in response to their growing concern about the impacts of global climate change on their member states. Component 5 - Coral Reef Monitoring for Climate Change Impacts (one of nine components of the CPACC project) was designed to establish a long-term monitoring programme, which over time, would be expected to show the effects of global warming factors (temperature stress, sea level rise and hurricanes) on coral reefs in the region.

Título Component 5 - Coral Reef Monitoring for Climate Change Impacts. Caribbean Planning for Adaptation to Global Climate Change Project
Identificador BID-CA2016-0004-SMA
Fuentes de Financiación CARICOM Secretariat - Caribbean Planning for Adaptation to Climate Change Project & the Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change Project. Support also provided by the national Environment and Planning Agency and the University of the West-Centre for Marine Sciences.
Descripción del Área de Estudio The three Operational Areas that were selected for monitoring were Eastern Portland (minimally impacted), Discovery Bay in St Ann (mildly impacted) and Port Royal Cays in Kingston (severely impacted). For this monitoring programme “impact” is defined as land-based, anthropogenic stress, transported to reefs by fluvial inputs or actual physical impacts on reefs caused by activities within the marine environment. The target habitat selected was the mixed zone on the windward slopes, consisting mainly of spur and groove formations, dominated by Montastraea annularis within a depth range of 7-13 m.
Descripción del Diseño The National Environment and Planning Agency, NEPA (formally the Natural Resources Conservation Authority, NRCA) conducted the field monitoring for the period 2000 – 2003 as part of their regular work programme. The three Operational Areas that were selected for monitoring were Eastern Portland (minimally impacted), Discovery Bay in St Ann (mildly impacted) and Port Royal Cays in Kingston (severely impacted). The target habitat selected was the mixed zone on the windward slopes, consisting mainly of spur and groove formations, dominated by Montastraea annularis within a depth range of 7-13 m. Twenty transects, each 20 m in length were located randomly within the target habitat, parallel to the depth contour, and monitored using the CPACC Video Monitoring Protocol. The resultant videotapes were catalogued and using the specialized software - Pinnacle Studio 9 TM - adjacent non-overlapping images were captured, dotted and stored as image files. The benthic components under the random dots were identified based on specified benthic category codes and the resultant data points were summarized and stored in spreadsheets.

Personas asociadas al proyecto:

Custodio de los Datos
Marcia Ford
Procesador
Ivanna Kenny
Procesador
Leslie Walling
Procesador
Loureene Jones

Métodos de Muestreo

The benthic cover of the coral reefs was monitored using underwater videography. The divers used a high-resolution digital video camera fitted with a wide-angle lens and underwater housing. The diver videotaped while swimming slowing along the transect holding the camera perpendicular to the substratum at a height of 40 cm (guided by a 40 cm wand attached to the camera housing) in order to provide a belt transect that was approximately 40 cm wide . A total of 20 transects each 20 m in length were monitored at each location. The resultant videotapes were viewed to ensure that clarity and resolution were satisfactory, after which the tapes were numbered and catalogued and the content of each tape logged to ensure that the individual transects at each site could be located at a later date with relative ease. A computer was connected to a videotape player and the tape played to “capture” adjacent, non-overlapping images (photo quadrats) which where converted to photo files and saved in an image library. Ten random dots were placed on each image during a process that uses Microsoft Excel and Adobe Photoshop and was automated by WinBatch for Windows (a batch processing program). After the image has been processed, the data analyst identified the benthic components under the random dots while viewing the images in Adobe Photoshop. Data points were identified to species (where possible) or to higher functional taxonomic groups. Other substrate categories included the hard substrate (sand, rubble, pavement etc), points falling on equipment (e.g. tape, wand etc) and areas that could not be identified (shadow and unknown). These data were entered into data sheets developed in Microsoft Excel, which automatically tabulated and grouped the substrate categories and calculated the percentage cover and standard deviation.

Área de Estudio The Site Selection Protocol stipulated that at least three areas should be monitored in each of the pilot countries and these should be representative of pristine, mildly impacted and severely-impacted conditions. In this instance, impact was defined as land-based, anthropogenic impacts, transported to reefs by fluvial inputs or actual physical impacts on reefs caused by activities within the marine environment. The "pristine" location extended along the relatively undisturbed coastline, containing numerous fringing coral reefs. The monitoring area was located approximately 10 km east of Port Antonio, in the parish of Portland and situated away from any major land-based influences, and extending due north of Monkey Island and eastwards to the Blue Hole area following the 7 – 13 meter depth contour. The monitoring site, located to the west of Discovery Bay at “Gorgo City” reef was selected as the mildly impacted location. Activities within this area included a port exporting bauxite as well as fishing, tourism, research and teaching. The monitoring site has a gentle profile between the depths of 7-13 meters The Port Royal site represented the heavily impacted site, being close to a major city and also being down current of several major rivers. The specific monitoring site is located within the Port Royal Cays, which is a collection of eight small coral islets (Gun Cay, Rackhams Cay, Lime Cay, Drunkenman’s Cay, East Middle Ground, South Cay, Southeast Cay and Maiden Cay) situated on the island shelf of the south coast of Jamaica. The Port Royal Cays are an important nearshore fishery site for the artisanal fishing industry serving the nearby fishing communities.
Control de Calidad Video taping was carried out by trained and experienced divers. Data analysis was undertaken by marine biologist trained in the identification of marine benthic species.

Descripción de la metodología paso a paso:

  1. Site selection was based on the following document: Woodley. J. (1999) Component 5: Coral Reef Monitoring Site Selection Protocol (Draft). CPACC. (Available at the UWI-Centre for Marine Sciences)
  2. Video monitoring was carried out based on the methods outlined in the following document: Miller, J. (2000) Using Videotape to Sample Coral Reefs. US Geological Survey. Biological Resources Division. Virgin Islands Field Station. St. John, USVI. (Available at the UWI-Centre for Marine Sciences)

Metadatos Adicionales

Identificadores Alternativos d07d09dd-d098-4622-95e2-84799f8d7a20
https://cloud.gbif.org/bid/resource?r=cpacc_corals