Mamíferos de Paso Centurión

Latest version published by Biodiversidata on Apr 9, 2020 Biodiversidata

The dataset contains primary biodiversity data of the mammals’ species documented by the NGO JULANA in the area of Paso Centurión, one of the most biodiverse areas of Uruguay. It includes 1,690 occurrence records, all the observations made by camera traps between 2014 and 2016 in four particular sites and some extra occurrence records of species not covered in that period. Top observations include the last Chrysocyon brachyurus seen for Uruguay, the first record of Puma yagouaroundi for the country and the second report of Leopardus colocola munoai for the area.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 1,690 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 1,690 records in English (45 KB) - Update frequency: not planned
Metadata as an EML file download in English (22 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (17 KB)


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Grattarola F, Cavalli E, Flores D, Rondoni M, Duarte A, Hernández D, Rodríguez-Tricot L (2020): Mamíferos de Paso Centurión. v1.1. Biodiversidata. Dataset/Occurrence.


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Biodiversidata. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 32487dda-3868-4723-aa77-98245206f466.  Biodiversidata publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF Uruguay.


Occurrence; Observation


Who created the resource:

Florencia Grattarola
Enzo Cavalli
Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República Montevideo UY
Diego Flores
Undergraduate Student
Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República Montevideo UY
Marcela Rondoni
Posgraduate Student
Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República Montevideo UY
Alejandro Duarte
JULANA Montevideo UY
Daniel Hernández
Lab Assistant
Control Ambiental, Arrayanes (CETP-UTU) Montevideo UY
Lucía Rodríguez-Tricot
PhD Student
Centro Universitario Regional del Este (CURE), Universidad de la República Maldonado UY

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Who filled in the metadata:

Geographic Coverage

Locality of Paso Centurión

Bounding Coordinates South West [-32.212, -53.792], North East [-32.092, -53.706]

Taxonomic Coverage

A total of 23 medium and large size mammal species were recorded, distributed in 7 orders and 13 families.

Kingdom  Animalia
Phylum  Chordata
Class  Mammalia
Order  Artiodactyla,  Rodentia,  Pilosa,  Cingulata,  Carnivora,  Didelphimorphia,  Lagomorpha
Family  Cervidae,  Cuniculidae,  Caviidae,  Erethizontidae,  Myrmecophagidae,  Dasypodidae,  Procyonidae,  Canidae,  Felidae,  Mephitidae,  Didelphidae,  Suidae,  Mustelidae,  Leporidae

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2014-08-13 / 2016-11-06

Project Data

Since 2012, a participatory monitoring process has been established in this locality by the NGO JULANA (Bergós et al. 2018). The emphasis of the activities has been put in documenting the biodiversity knowledge of Paso Centurión, along with the local community’s relationships with nature, using camera traps as recording methods and the local mammal fauna as the focal point of the dialogue.

Title Fogones de Fauna
Identifier JULANA:CamTrap

The personnel involved in the project:

Juan Manuel Barreneche
Lucía Bergós
Magdalena Carabio
Alejandro Duarte
Lucía Gaucher
Solana González
Florencia Grattarola
Daniel Hernández
Gabriel Perazza
Mariana Pírez
Lucía Rodríguez-Tricot

Sampling Methods

The records are machine observations obtained using camera traps.

Study Extent The area of Paso Centurión is located in the department of Cerro Largo, on the border with Brazil by the Yaguarón River. The trap cameras were set covering an area of 25 km2 within the surroundings of Paso Centurión.
Quality Control Species names were checked using the GBIF backbone taxonomy.

Method step description:

  1. Trap cameras (Bushnell NatureView Cam HD) were set covering an area of 25 km2 within the surroundings of Paso Centurión. The management of the cameras and records was carried out by JULANA members, the landowners where the cameras were set, and other people from the local community involved in the monitoring process. Cameras were placed on native forest patches associated with freshwater streams nearby the houses of the landowners (between 200- and 2,000-meters distance). Different parameter settings were used for the cameras, some were set to take photos, others to record 10-seconds videos and in other cases, 3 photos were obtained together with a 10-seconds video after a 5-seconds interval. We allowed parameters to vary greatly because the main aim was placed in exploring the tool and detecting as many species as possible.
  2. Data from the cameras were downloaded with a periodicity of one to four months.
  3. The species identification and event data documentation were carried out by Enzo Cavalli, Diego Flores and Marcela Rondoni, as part of their undergraduate thesis work (Cavalli 2019; Rondoni 2019; Flores in prep). The reference used for mammal species identification was the guide from the mammals of Uruguay from González and Martínez-Lanfranco (2010). Only mammal species were considered. When the files corresponded to 3 consecutive photos (one per second) of the same species, a single record was considered. Similarly, three photos per second were followed by a video were counted as a single record. When the animal was recorded in 3 photos, we recorded the observation in which the species was identify with greater precision.
  4. Domestic species and human records were excluded at this point, including records from Bos taurus, Sus scrofa domestica, Ovis aries, Canis lupus familiaris, Equus caballus and Felis catus.
  5. The table with all the records was standardised following FAIR Principles (Wilkinson et al. 2016) to enable the maximum re-use of the data. We enriched the records by including 40 descriptive terms following the Darwin Core Biodiversity Data Standard (Wieczorek et al. 2012).
  6. Species scientific names and scientific names authorship were extracted using the R package taxize (Chamberlain et al. 2018). The R scripts can be found at Grattarola (2019).
  7. Extra records of species documented in the area outside of the period of time above mentioned were added, including records from Axis axis, Chrysocyon brachyurus, Puma yagouaroundi y Coendu spinosus.

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Bergós L, Grattarola F, Barreneche JM, Hernández D, González S (2018) Fogones de Fauna: An Experience of Participatory Monitoring of Wildlife in Rural Uruguay. Society & Animals 26: 171-185.
  2. Cavalli E (2019) Efectos de la ganadería sobre la comunidad de mamíferos de Paso Centurión, Cerro Largo. Universidad de la República.
  3. Chamberlain S, Szoecs E, Foster Z, Arendsee Z, Boettiger C, Ram K, Bartomeus I, Baumgartner J, O'Donnell J, Oksanen J, Greshake Tzovaras B, Marchand P, Tran V (2018) taxize: Taxonomic information from around the web. R package version 0.9.3.
  4. González EM, Martínez-Lanfranco JA (2010) Mamíferos de Uruguay: Guía de campo e introducción a su estudio y conservación. Montevideo, Uruguay, 464 pp.
  5. Grattarola F (2019) bienflorencia/rBiodiversidata: R scripts. 1.0.1 Zenodo
  6. Rondoni M (2019) Efectos de factores ambientales sobre la riqueza de mamíferos en Paso Centurión (Cerro Largo). Universidad de la República.
  7. Wieczorek J, Bloom D, Guralnick R, Blum S, Döring M, Giovanni R, Robertson T, Vieglais D (2012) Darwin Core: An Evolving Community-Developed Biodiversity Data Standard. PloS one 7: e29715.
  8. Wilkinson MD, Dumontier M, Aalbersberg IJ, Appleton G, Axton M, Baak A, Blomberg N, Boiten J-W, da Silva Santos LB, Bourne PE, Bouwman J, Brookes AJ, Clark T, Crosas M, Dillo I, Dumon O, Edmunds S, Evelo CT, Finkers R, Gonzalez-Beltran A, Gray AJG, Groth P, Goble C, Grethe JS, Heringa J, ’t Hoen PAC, Hooft R, Kuhn T, Kok R, Kok J, Lusher SJ, Martone ME, Mons A, Packer AL, Persson B, Rocca-Serra P, Roos M, van Schaik R, Sansone S-A, Schultes E, Sengstag T, Slater T, Strawn G, Swertz MA, Thompson M, van der Lei J, van Mulligen E, Velterop J, Waagmeester A, Wittenburg P, Wolstencroft K, Zhao J, Mons B (2016) The FAIR Guiding Principles for scientific data management and stewardship. Scientific Data 3: 160018.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 32487dda-3868-4723-aa77-98245206f466