Type specimens of Amphibians in the collection of BNHS, India_V1

Latest version published by Bombay Natural History Society on May 29, 2020 Bombay Natural History Society

Type specimens are extremely crucial for taxonomic studies as they form the backbone for species nomenclature. BNHS houses a good collection of type specimens, especially for reptiles and amphibians which is growing frequently. The dataset consists of 513 occurrence records for type specimens of various amphibians collected from across India. Verbatim locations and coordinates are provided wherever available.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 513 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 513 records in English (17 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (9 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (7 KB)


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Pal S (2020): Type specimens of Amphibians in the collection of BNHS, India_V1. v1.2. Bombay Natural History Society. Dataset/Occurrence. https://cloud.gbif.org/bifa/resource?r=amphibian_type_specimens_bnhs_collection&v=1.2


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Bombay Natural History Society. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 7b3aed72-4d4f-469d-87b8-8bfcebe93573.  Bombay Natural History Society publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Participant Node Managers Committee.


Occurrence; Specimen


Who created the resource:

Saunak Pal
BNHS Hornbill house 400001 Mumbai Maharashtra IN

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Saunak Pal
BNHS Hornbill house 400001 Mumbai Maharashtra IN

Who filled in the metadata:

Saunak Pal
BNHS Hornbill house 400001 Mumbai Maharashtra IN

Who else was associated with the resource:

Saunak Pal
BNHS Hornbill house 400001 Mumbai Maharashtra IN
Point Of Contact
Rahul Khot
Assistant Director
BNHS Hornbill house 400001 Mumbai Maharashtra IN

Geographic Coverage


Bounding Coordinates South West [-90, -180], North East [90, 180]

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1953-01-01 / 2020-05-30

Project Data

Occurrence data is an invaluable resource to understand species distributions across space and time. Museum collections provide much-needed information on morphology, historical occurrence, and distribution in the form of specimens and associated metadata. Unfortunately, this information is often not utilized to its full potential as it is not readily available. With more than 135,000 faunal specimens collected from across the Indian Subcontinent over a period of 135 years, the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) is one of the finest natural history collections in Asia. This project aims to address a data gap of Indian reptiles and amphibians by digitizing BNHS specimens and associated metadata to make it readily available for conservation assessments, policymakers, and stakeholders.

Title Addressing the taxonomic and geographical shortfall for amphibians and reptiles using specimen data from the collection of Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, India, Bombay Natural History Society, India
Identifier https://www.gbif.org/project/4m7RagSDZM8DlSXehI2ihK/digitizing-reptile-and-amphibian-specimens-at-the-bombay-natural-history-society
Funding BIFA
Study Area Description collection of BNHS museum, India
Design Description Digitization of the reptile and amphibian specimens from the museum collection by correcting taxonomic ambiguities and accurate cataloging of the extant specimens.

The personnel involved in the project:

Metadata Provider
Saunak Pal
Rahul Khot

Collection Data

Collection Name Natural history collection, BNHS
Parent Collection Identifier Not applicable
Specimen preservation methods Alcohol

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers 7b3aed72-4d4f-469d-87b8-8bfcebe93573